The Chisholm Trail, celebrating its 150th anniversary in 2017, played a significant role in creating towns in Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas after the Civil War. The cattle markets were in Kansas and so was the railroad, which shipped the beef back East. Beginning in 1867, vast herds of cattle were driven up to the Chisholm Trail from Texas to Wichita and other cowtowns of Kansas.
Many believe that without the cattle drive, Wichita, Kansas, might not have developed into the thriving city it is today. The trail is named after Jesse Chisholm, who had a trading post in Wichita and frequently traded with American Indian tribes throughout much of the region.